Guidelines for Learners
How to get your Ontario Licence, Risky Passing Business, Think Right to Blink Right, Myths and Facts of Road Safety...How to get your Ontario Licence
The purpose of the graduate licensing, when The Ministry of Transportation in Ontario first introduced it was to lower accident rates amongst new drivers, lower insurance costs, and improve driver education through a series of road tests. The licensing road test is simple and can be achieved by following these two steps:
The first thing that teens need to do before they take their G1 road test is buy a Drivers handbook.
- Read the book
- Go to the MTO office for your written road test and eye examination.
- Bring two pieces of I.D.
- join Ultimate Driver’s education program.
Affirmative! There are two parts of the program-classroom and In-car driver education. You don’t require a G1for the classroom part. Once you complete your classroom training then you can get your G1and practice for your G2 road test.
In case you flunk in you G1 driver’s test you can take the test in three days. The fee may vary by the location. For example, the fee in Brampton may be different from the fee in Burlington.
- No alcohol
- You cannot drive alone. A fully licensed driver with at least four years of driving experience should accompany you in the front passenger seat.
- The accompanying or supervising driver must have the blood alcohol level of less than 0.05 percent.
- Each person in the vehicle should wear a seat belt.
- You must not drive on 400 series highways with the posted limit over 80km/hr.
- You must not drive on certain urban roads including the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW), Don Valley Parkway and Gardiner Expressway in Greater Toronto area.
- You can, however, drive on any road if your accompanying driver is a Driving Instructor.
- You cannot drive between midnight and 5 a.m.
As soon as you can go to get your G2 is after one year from the day you get your G1 license unless you complete an Approved Beginner Driver Education Program consisting of 25 hours in the classroom and 10 hour of minimum in car instructions on the road. If this has been completed, then you can go for your first road test to get your G2 in 8 months.
Will I get my G2 right after completing the program?
Once you join the program you are at liberty of completing it anytime before your G1 exit road test
If you have moved to Ontario from any country other than Japan and United States and you have more than two years of driving experience then upon showing your license form your country of origin your waiting time after G1 and/or G2 road test is waived.
You also have the privilege to directly attempt to do your G2 exit road test to obtain you Ontario G class license (only one direct attempt is permitted).
In case you are unsuccessful in passing you G2 exit road test, then you have to pass G1 exit and G2 exit to get you regular Ontario G class license.
If you have moved from any province in Canada and you have had your license for less than two years it will be converted into Ontario G2 class license. This means upon passing a G2 exit road test you can have Ontario G class license.
Risky Passing Business
Very little attention is paid to correct overtaking other cars while we learn to drive. Driving instructors will tell you that incorrect overtaking is one of the major causes of fatal collisions in Canada. Every day we see drivers trying to pass with fewer gaps between vehicles, breaking speed limit, and not checking around before passing.
Driving instructors will suggest you consider these questions before passing another car on the road: Is it really necessary?
Driving instructors will tell you that it is not a good idea to pass if you are nearing your destination. A few minutes here and there can sometimes make a difference between life and death. Always remember it is important to save life than time.
- If you have to increase your speed and break the speed limit to do so.
- Over double centerlines.
- When there is no broken yellow line on your side of the road.
- If the sign says: no overtaking.
- How is the visibility?
- Are there blind entry points (up hill, sharp turns etc)
- Is there school and/or pedestrian crossings?
- Do you have sufficient space to pass safely?
- When another vehicle is overtaking ahead of you.
- If you do not have ample space.
- Unless you are going to travel faster than the vehicle in front of you.
- If there is any doubt in your mind! Driving instructors will tell you that waiting is much safer
- Check ahead for a safe passing gap
- Keep an eye on oncoming traffic
- Check your blind spots and rear-view mirrors. If the oncoming lane is clear signal and check your mirror and blind spot again. Accelerate into the oncoming lane. When overtaking another car:
- Be prepared to drop back if the driver you are preparing to pass moves uncertainly or speeds up.
- Be prepared to drop back if you suddenly find your intended path blocked. If this occurs, driving instructors will tell you to signal a return to the right lane. Pull into the right lane when you can see the entire front-end of the vehicle you passed in the rear-view mirror. Cancel your signal. Check the position of the passed car in your rear-view mirror. Make sure you are at a safe distance ahead of the car you have passed before you ease up.
Precautions in adverse conditions
When the weather is not favourable, driving can be tough. Weather plays an important role irrespective of the place you are driving in; Toronto, Georgetown, Bolton, Oakville or Cambridge
An effective driving course will teach an experienced and responsible driver to be constantly aware of the weather conditions around them and take precautions accordingly:
Rain: driving at high speeds when the road is wet will cause the vehicle to skid. The first few drops make the road conditions worst as all the dust and oil mixes with water making road surface very slippery.
An effective driving course will teach you not to brake hard and start you accelerate gently and slowly. Be extra cautious while making turns and changing lanes. Avoid driving near curves where there is excess water as the car may hydroplane and you may lose control easily at high speed.
Hydroplaning: occurs when the tread of the tires is not coping with the volume of water. Even a good tire may have trouble coping, let alone a bald one. When the car is hydroplaning, the driver loses steering and the car feels like it is floating. A good driving course will tell you to come off the accelerator immediately, and not brake. The tires should make contact again with the road; otherwise a little braking may be in order.
Strong winds: hold your steering wheel firmly because there a high risk of being pushed into oncoming traffic or even off the road. Be careful while driving near big trucks, they create strong wind gusts. Always reduce speed and hold your steering wheel firmly.
Sun glare: can be blinding. Driving courses will tell you to wear sunglasses and protect your vision by folding down the sun visor. Don’t look directly into sun and keep your windshield clean. Ice: Drive slowly and accelerate gently. People have known to get killed at 20km/hr on icy roadway. Top quality driving courses will suggest that if the weather is too bad avoid driving.
If you cannot, make sure that you drive slowly and cautiously and don’t follow another vehicle too closely. Carry enough windshield washer fluid so that you can see clearly. Be extra cautious on bridges and culverts.
You can never be too cautious. Focusing on the principles of Beginner’s driving taught to you in your driving course when the weather is not favourable can be helpful for driving the vehicle in the best possible manner.
Driving lessons educate us that our car signals are the main tool for communicating with other drivers on the road. The signals or indicators tell other drivers on the road of your intensions well ahead of time.
Signals are not just used when you are driving but are also used when parking. It is required that you indicate your intentions on time for the traffic to go smoothly. Keeping the following driving lessons in mind will help you become a better driver:
Observations new drivers should remember from their driving lessons:
- Make sure that you indicate your turns and change in direction well in advance
- Turn your indicator off as soon as you are finished making a turn or parking.
- Don’t indicate too early. Make sure that you are 4-5 seconds away from the turn before turning your indicator on. While making a left turn make sure that you signal as soon as you enter the left hand turning lane and your indicator should remain on while you are in the middle of the intersection waiting to make your turn.
- Use your signals properly while parking. Improper use of signals can result in misunderstanding and a crash. Parking involves a number of direction changes and constant observation by drivers.
- Make sure that your signals are in working order at all times. Have them repaired as soon as you see a damaged signal. You are a danger to other drivers if you signals are not working properly. Keep these driving lessons in mind while making changes in direction while on the road or in parking lots.
Road rage is a serious problem in every city. This is why beginner driving principles are so valuable. Whether you are driving in Mississauga, Kitchener, Milton or Oakville, you are bound to see road rage in action.
It is all too common that we hear cases of road rage where:It is all too common that we hear cases of road rage where:
- People yell and scream at others
- People hit other cars out of frustration
- People are pulled out of their vehicles at intersections
- People are assaulted
- People are shot or stabbed
Traffic has turned into one of the biggest problems in life. Longer wait time on the highways and increased waiting time to cross intersections has resulted in anxiety in drivers.
To avoid this, drivers need to follow beginner driving practices.
A motorist forgetting to indicate or brake unexpectedly may trigger a violent reaction. Follow beginner driving best practices and always be aware of your surroundings.
Obscene remarks are one of the most common reasons for road rage. But there are still those who got hurt or killed for no reason. Minimize your risk of becoming a road rage victim with beginner driving lessons:
- Always drive with your doors locked. Also shut windows, if approached in an uninviting manner.
- Drive in an orderly fashion. Always think how your behaviour will affect motorists around you. Check mirrors frequently, signal early, brake intelligently and don’t change direction, unless safe.
- Don’t aggravate any situation. Get out of the way if someone insists on overtaking dangerously. Don’t try and teach anyone a lesson by driving slowly. Follow beginner driving lessons.
- Drive away from trouble. If hassled, leave the area. Turn in the other direction or reverse. Blast your horn wildly. This irritates troublemakers and draws attention that something is wrong.
- Try to identify the offender(s). Write down car number plates, descriptions of vehicles and people involved. Report the incident to the police as soon as possible.
Be a patient defensive driver and try to stay calm. Turn on your radio and listen to keep your mind off traffic and you will be able to survive the stress.
Keep your mouth and car doors shut
Myths and facts of road safety
G1G2 will educate new drivers not only about the facts but also about the myths associated with road safety. They are as follows:
Myth 1: The car is insured; I don’t need to worry about my driving.
Fact: Insurance costs continue to rise. If you are in an accident you will pay for it.
Myth 2: Crashes only happen to speeders and seniors
Fact: The most common cause of a crash is due to bad judgment. Driving under influence is one such example. Bad drivers simply get noticed more, because they stand out by their behaviour. Take drivers Ed and learn the principles of effective driving.
Myth 3: Every new driver learns after he or she has been in a crash.
Fact: Many responsible people have driven accident-free for 20, 30 or more years by adopting healthy attitudes from Drivers Ed, which is reflected in their driving record.
Myth 4: Accidents are simple a part of driving and cannot be avoided.
Fact: Part of this statement is sadly true. However, this kind of attitude can have fatal consequences and shows lack of responsibility. Learning safe driving techniques from Drivers Ed, practicing them, and using them in everyday driving is a recipe for crash-free driving.
Myth 5: After my probationary period is over, I will have nothing to worry about.
Fact: Statistically, the first major crash happens just after coming off the probationary license, at age 18 or so. A healthy attitude and realistic approach towards your driving can help you be accident free for the rest of your life.
Myth 6: Driving is nothing but common sense.
Fact: There is nothing wrong with applying common sense in every area of life. But when you are in an emergency there is not much time to choose the right course of action after considering all options. Certain road safety principles from Drivers Ed must be studied.
Myth 7: The more severe the punishment, the safer the roads will be
Fact: Part of this is true and that is the reason we have more responsible drivers on the road. There will always be lawbreakers amongst us, no matter how harsh the punishment. Often bad drivers are caught and are found guilty but with heavier fines repeat offenders should be given psychological help and be taken off the roads if there is no improvement. The penalty should be decided according to how severe the crime is.
Myth 8: Getting bicycles and big trucks will make our roads safer and put drivers at ease.
Fact: Drivers Ed teaches us that we already have certain roads where no trucks are allowed and marked pavements where bicyclists can ride. Tolerance towards other (slower) road users and allowing them space is the hallmark of a low-risk driver.
Myth 9: The better roads will mean lower crash rate.
Fact: We learn in Drivers Ed that the main cause of road crashes is human error, over 90 % to be more exact. It is a good idea to keep your eyes wide open while driving and be aware of your surroundings.
Myth 10: every driver should practice skid control.
Fact: Apart from the danger to drivers Ed instructors, practicing skidding would achieve little. Studies in Sweden have shown that new drivers who did get skid training had more crashes afterwards than a non-trained group.
Follow by 1001 and 1002
At driving school we learn that most rear-end collisions account for nearly a third of all crashes. Looking away for just a second at the wrong moment and/or traveling too closely behind another vehicle is the main cause.
Unfortunately, this dangerous practice, commonly called tailgating, is widespread. Some drivers may not even realize that they are following too closely, never having learned the two-second rule if they did not attend driving school:This dangerous practice, called tailgating, is very common. Some drivers don’t realize that they are tailgating, because they haven't learned the two-second rule which is only taught at G1 G2 driving school:
When the vehicle ahead of you passes a certain fixed object (tree, road sign etc.) start counting slowly: For example, one thousand and one, one thousand and two. If you can finish this (two seconds) count comfortably before passing the object, you are at a safe distance.
This formula works at any speed (and not just on a freeway). At speeds of 80 km/h or 100 km/h, two seconds are obviously a far greater and safer distance than at 20km/h. G1 G2 Driving school teaches you to allow a further second or two in the following circumstances:
- An icy, wet or gravel road surface (increased braking distance).
- With limited visibility (heavy rain, fog, at night).
- When being followed too closely, move away (allow for the tailgater).
- Following a learner driver.
- Traveling at greater speeds for a long period (this allows for extra reaction time)
Tailgating drivers must focus constantly on the vehicle ahead. How do they read the road for danger further ahead? The answer is they can’t and this is why drivers are taught in driving school to remain a safe distance behind other cars.
- Drivers travel at a safe distance
- Drivers scan traffic for hazards ahead
- Heavy braking can be avoided
- Following a learner driver.
- Traveling at greater speeds for a long period (this allows for extra reaction time)
G1G2 teaches you that a couple of seconds can save your life
Sometimes patience for a few seconds can save your life and of others. Majority of us pay least attention to following distance, visibility, communication and above all the speed with which the vehicle is moving. It is common to see drivers moving at the prescribed speed limit when there is a police car is around, but as soon as the police car is gone, drivers go back to speeding.
We are very intolerant towards drivers who do not follow speed limits and wish they were off the streets. It is true that just like a speeding driver a slow driver is equally dangerous. There are certain rules to driving that must be followed at all times.
Couple of seconds can save your life
At G1 G2, we educate new drivers that a little bit of patience and persistence while driving and a few seconds can save many lives.
Not enough attention is paid to the rules like following distance, visibility, communication and the speed at which the vehicles can move. It is often noted that all the driving rules are adhered to when under surveillance, else the same are not followed.
The level of intolerance is higher towards the people who religiously follow the traffic rules.
It is important to note that not only the speeding drivers are a threat so are the slow drivers. There are some rules and regulations that cannot be ignored at any point in time.Following the rules and inculcating the same as a daily practice might not save as much time but can save precious lives.
The first step towards safe driving is enrolling in a driving school and learning the rules of the road.
Driving under influence-playing with life
Will you ask anyone to jump in the water when you are aware of the fact that he/she cannot drive?
Driving when you have had alcohol, is no different than that this. We don’t need formal education to understand that driving after drinking is not the right decision. Alcohol and drugs do not let you execute the routine functions properly. The following areas are affected majorly:
- Co-ordination & steadiness
- Reaction time
- Impaired vision
G1 G2 also teaches you that alcohol impacts the brain and the central nervous system which control vital functions of the body. Not only does alcohol affect one mentally but it also affects one’s physical ability to react. Consumption of alcohol also impacts accident preventing behaviour such as putting on seat belts or turning the headlights on and indicating turns. G1 G2 educates drivers to always think before they drink:
G1 G2 teaches one valuable information about drinking and driving:
- Wine has same effect as any other alcohol product.
- Alcohol affects teenagers and ladies much quicker than men.
- People with smaller builds get effected much quicker.
- Some people are less tolerant to alcohol then others.
- Every person who drives, before consuming any alcoholic drink, must know how much he/she can have, before reaching the legal limit.
- Insurance companies exclude liability, if the driver is found to be over the limit. It can be a very costly mistake.
- The First drink affects your driving.
The limit set for Blood Alcohol Concentration by the government in Canada is .08%.G1 G2 driving school makes you aware that you reach that limit with two glasses of beer in an hour. One drink every hour after that keeps you on the verge. With a G1 or G2 license alcohol limit is zero. Drugs can also influence your driving equally. You should always consult your doctor and read the label on your medications. Alcohol and drugs combine to form an even more lethal combination. Many people, young and old, have lost their lives and just because they acted irresponsibly and not in accordance with what they were taught during driver training.
Always remember one night's foolishness can become whole life's misery.
Speeding? Better late than never
G1 G2 Driver training school educates you about the road crashes in Canada, of which 40% are due to one reason i.e. SPEEDING. When we are late, we try to make up for the time lost, by speeding on the road. We completely overlook the fact that we are putting our as well as other people’s lives at risk by compromising on safety. Very small change can sometimes increase safety and life.
G1 G2 Driving school teaches us that speed increases your risk of crashing in these different ways:
- You will exceed your speed limit and increase risk to yourself, other drivers and pedestrians. (Losing control of your vehicle)
- You will sacrifice safety for speed. (Tailgating, making sharp turns and changing lanes without checking properly).
- Road rage. (Getting upset at other drivers just because they are following the speed limit.)
Safe driver training practices tell us to try to understand the body language of other vehicles and look around for pedestrians crossing the street. Keep a safe cushion between the cars in front of you so that just in case you have to brake you don’t rear end the vehicle. Always be aware of your surroundings.
Leave time for unexpected delays. If you have a cell phone, pull over and inform the other person of your unexpected delay if you are running late. Avoid speeding as a means to make up lost time.
If you leave home 10 minutes early, EXPECT TO ARRIVE 10 MINUTES EARLY.
Distraction means destruction
Changing a CD, without pulling over, is a classic example of distracted driver. Many of us do this everyday without even thinking twice. Many drivers are under the impression that since they have had driver training and experience, they cannot go wrong. Many people have been stopped by the police because they were too busy shaving while driving on their way to office, reading map book, eating lunch, talking on their cell phone and doing many other things which they were instructed to not do in driving school. Sometimes, without even thinking once, we put our and others in danger for no reason. Making small changes in the daily routine can create safe roads and transform you into an alert defensive driver.
There are three categories of Distraction we are taught during drivers Ed:
An insect buzzes around in the car. A spider crawls onto the dashboard. The natural reaction is to flick it. At high speed this can lead to serious disasters. Turning around to tend to children or babies, trying to wipe a fogged up windscreen, the list is endless, all must be done after stopping the vehicle. Listen to your driving instructors when they warn you about distractions.
Eating, drinking, smoking whilst driving. Changing a CD or tape, or playing with the radio or other accessories. Fastening the seatbelt, adjusting mirrors or seats, reading the road map on the move, have caused drivers to lose control. The use of mobile phones has also become a cause of concern. We are all taught to not do these things while driving during at driving school.
Sightseeing, window-shopping, watching unusual events such as an accident, looking for an address or landmark etc. all take attention away from the road ahead. Driver training teaches us to focus on the road, not outside distractions.
Night time driving
Night driving scares many drivers. Sometimes even on a clear night, visibility might be remarkably lesser than at daytime. Even though light travels faster than sound and a headlight of a car can be spotted at a distance, it is still tough to judge speed and distance at night.
Following a few key points from your driving lessons, you can increase the safety of yourself and that other drivers on the road.
- Keep your headlights on at night.
- Make sure that your headlights are clean
- Windshield and glasses should also be clean
- Always drive with low beam head lights
- Make sure that the rear view mirror is adjusted to night time vision.
- Headlights have two functions: Visibility and Communication.
One of the most common problems you will learn about in driving school about night time driving is Over-driving your headlights:
Over-driving is driving so fast when your stopping distance is greater than the distance your headlights allow you to see. For example, you are traveling on a dry road at 80km/h and need 60m to stop your car.
G1 G2 Driving school instructors teach you that driving with low beam headlights helps you see on 45 m ahead. This implies that once you spot something 45m ahead, you won’t be able to stop without hitting that object. All driving lessons teach you that reduced speed is always preferable at night as it enables you to see ahead of your lights. One of the major problems at night is visibility and that is why most of the driver training should be carried out at night. Road signs are visible at night since they are made of reflective coatings which is why they are visible from greater distances. Another important issue is dealing with glare. Best way to deal with glare of an approaching vehicle is looking away in another direction.
Driver education will teach you about the four major components of freeway driving.
- Entering the freeway
- Accelerating to merge
- Driving with traffic on higher speed
- Exiting the freeway
Usually, the entry is by a right hand turn, followed by the acceleration lane, also called 'highway ramp'. Following these driving instructions enable you to enter Highways or Freeways safely:
- Obtain a view of traffic already on the freeway, the earlier the better. Keep your distance from preceding traffic to avoid a rear end collision, if they slow down or stop while you turn to check for traffic.
- Indicate right on the approach. (Cancel signal once you are on the freeway).
- Match your speed with that of the freeway traffic. The longer the acceleration lane and the more power your car can produce, the smoother your entry. Only slow down, if absolutely necessary.
G1 G2 Driving school teaches you that not only is wrong entry on the freeway troublesome to you but also to traffic coming from both directions. Driver makes you responsible to give way to traffic on the highway. Watch out for the white dotted line. Once you cross this line, you are on the highway! Trust your fellow motorists to make way for you. Very respectful drivers might even change to their left hand lane to assist your entry.
All good driving course will teach you that you should not drive along with the big trucks for too long and don’t tailgate a truck because if it breaks suddenly your car will literally go under the rear of the tuck.
Change to the extreme right lane as soon as you see the signs of your exit ahead rather than overtaking cars r trucks just before turning off..
No driving instructor will ever suggest you to reverse on a highway, even if you missed the turnoff. G1 G2 Driving school teaches you to never drive on the extreme left for long. Signal right and move out of the way and let the driver go, if you see a driver behind you who wants to pass.
Eight ways to overcome road test jitters
Any driver is bound to get a little nervous before their driving test, irrespective of the fact that whether it is G1, G2, or G road test. However, you should be more than ready for your test if you went to driving school and paid attention to the driving lessons.
Take the following into consideration when preparing for your driving test:
- Make sure you have everything in place: Your G1/G2, your certificate if required, your glasses and/or contact lenses must be with you when you go for your road test.
- Be on time: Make sure you are on time for your road test. Being on time will ease your driving test nerves and you will also get a chance to look around.
- Be prepared: Make sure you have all the areas of driver training covered. Don’t be afraid ask any questions.
- Take an evaluation lesson: An evaluation driving lesson will determine where you stand and you will be able to approach your driving test with more confidence.
- Surprise everyone: Be secretive about your road test except telling your own family. You don’t need to live up to your friends expectations.
- Don’t go looking for examples: Don’t listen to other people with horror stories of road test. Be prepared and trust yourself.
- Keep your eyes and ears open: Listen to the examiner and do as the examiner tells you. Don’t forget to use your common sense and the driving lessons you learned in driving school.
- To err is human: Don’t set your standards too high. There are always second chances.
Irrespective of whether it is your G1, G2 or G, taking a driving test will be a little stressful. However, you will be on your way to passing the road test if you took driving school and paid attention to the driver training.
Guidelines for Parents
Often times, Parents are the ones who take their kids out to practice for their driving test. Therefore, there are certain guidelines that parents need to follow when helping their children with driver training. Driving, just like Everything we do in life frequently, becomes a habit. Our driving instructors will tell you that routines may make life dull at times, but they are necessary in learning to for their driving test.Startup Procedure
Driving, and driving education is very much about habit. Driving is about repeatedly doing the right thing at the right time when on the road. Even forgetting small tasks like putting on seatbelts or checking your blindspot before merging might be hazardous
The cab drill is a logical order to get yourself and your car ready. A driver, who fails to prepare before driving, can get distracted from driving while adjusting the mirrors or seat, something every driving instructor will tell you to do before you begin to drive.
There are 12 items in the cab drill driving instruction that are divided into four categories:
- Shut and lock doors
- Locate all controls
- Ensure handbrake is on
- Adjust the seating
- Adjust all mirrors
- Fasten your seatbelt
- Start engine (check warning lights and gauges and familiarize with positions of the key ignition/accessories etc.)
- Select appropriate gear (in an automatic car a drivers foot must be firmly on brake)
- Release the handbrake (pull up a little, press button and hold) Driving instructions and preparation for traffic
- Check mirrors
- Give five seconds indication before changing direction or moving the car
- Check over shoulder (blind spot), release the handbrake and begin to drive. Concern is often expressed about the danger of being trapped by a locked door. Whilst this is valid, the possibility of an intruder is greater, especially when travelling alone at night.
Another common mistake is, leaving the door open while reversing a short distance and getting it jammed on a fence post, petrol pump etc. Never operate your car if any door is open and always following the cab drill driving instructions.
- Select a safe and legal place.
- Check mirrors and signal.
- Stop with the foot brake, then apply the handbrake
- Shift the gear lever into 1st gear or reverse or 'Park" (automatic).
- Turn off accessories, then turn off engine
Note the word accessories. By thinking for a moment, which ones of these are on, you are not only switching off the obvious ones (indicators, windscreen wipers), but also remember the lights. If they had been turned on during a rainy day, it is less likely that you will forget and get a flat battery.
These driving instructions are taught at each of our 10 locations. If you are in the Brampton, Kitchener, Milton, Oakville area, or near any one of our other locations, please stop in and talk to Ultimate Drivers about our upcoming driving instruction courses.